Pip is a popular tool for installing Python packages and modules from Python package index.
However, on recent distribution releases, pip users encounter the Externally managed environment error.
This “feature” was added to avoid conflicts between installed Python packages via a point and native package manager. Python wants to use separate virtual environments instead of installing the package globally via Pip.
This is where the point comes into the picture. It creates a new virtual environment for each application you install and then creates links to a local binary in /bin on the global level. It’s all automatic. It saves time and effort for you.
Let’s see how to install and use Pipx on Ubuntu and other Linux distributions.
Install pipx on Ubuntu and other Linux systems
The installation is straightforward and can be installed using the following command in Ubuntu and Debian:
sudo apt update && sudo apt install pipx
For other distributions, please use your own package manager and install it.
Once the installation is completed, Add it to $PATH So it can be accessed from anywhere:
Turn off the device and start it up again. That’s it! Now, let’s take a look at how to use it.
What is the primary use of a package manager? Install, update, and remove the package.
Let me show you how you can do the following with pipx:
- search packages
- Package installation
- Remove the package
Let’s start with the installation.
How to install packages with Pipx
To install packages with pipx you have to follow a simple command syntax:
pipx install <package_name>
For example, here I installed a very useful program Cowsay:
pipx install cowsay
Similarly, if you want to install a specific version of the package, you will have to enter the version number followed by
== As shown:
pipx install package==version
For example, here I installed numpy version 1.24.1:
pipx install numpy==1.24.1
How to search for packages
pipx does not have a search feature (due to limited use of the PyPI API) but that doesn’t mean you can’t search Python packages.
To search for packages, you must install
pipx install pypisearch
Once you do that, you can search the packages with a
Here, I searched for neofetch:
How to upgrade packages using Pipx
Like any other modern package manager, you can upgrade all packages at once or you can upgrade one package at a time.
To upgrade all packages at once, all you need to do is execute the following command:
As you can see, it has been upgraded to the latest version.
But if you want to upgrade a specific package, here’s how to do it:
pipx upgrade package-name
Let’s say I want to upgrade
cowsay package to the latest version, then I would use the following:
pipx upgrade cowsay
How to uninstall packages with Pipx
To remove packages, you have to use a file
uninstall Flag as shown:
pipx uninstall package_name
For your reference, here, I removed
numpy From my system:
pipx uninstall numpy
Pip or Pipx?
The limitations of Pip have limited its use by end users. Fortunately, Pipx provides the much needed alternative. It fulfills Python’s guidelines for using virtual environments, and at the same time, allows installed applications to be available globally.
For end users, who are not developers of Python applications, this provides the option of using Python applications that are not available in the distribution repositories.
I hope you find this tutorial useful. Let me know if you have questions or suggestions.